Data Loss Prevention (DLP) is the practice of detecting and preventing data breaches, exfiltration, or unwanted destruction of sensitive data. Organizations use DLP to protect and secure their data and comply with regulations.
The DLP term refers to defending organizations against both data loss and data leakage prevention. Data loss refers to an event in which important data is lost to the enterprise, such as in a ransomware attack. Data loss prevention focuses on preventing illicit transfer of data outside organizational boundaries.
Organizations typically use DLP to:
1. Protect Personally Identifiable Information (PII) and comply with relevant regulations
2. Protect Intellectual Property critical for the organization
3. Achieve data visibility in large organizations
4. Secure mobile workforce and enforce security in Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) environments
5. Secure data on remote cloud systems